Bibliography, Reference, Links and Further Research

1.       Granard Regional Development Office, Main Street, Granard, Co. Longford 353-43-86922.

2.       Burke’s General Armory.

3.       Source: Albert Eugene Casey, Eleanor L. Downey-Prince, and Ursula Dietrich.. Index of O'Kief, Coshe Mange, Slieve Lougher and Upper Blackwater in Ireland. 16 vols. Birmingham, Alabama: Knocknagree Historical Fund, 1952-1971.

4.       A History of Ireland – Peter and Fiona Somerset Fry


6.       Irish Flax Growers List 1796


8.       Letter to editor re: published reproduction of Barony maps (Irish Book) Vol. I pages 45-46 1909 re: James.

9.       Historical Ruins in West Meath. Royal Society of Antiquities of Ireland Series 5 Vol. XX pages 3,5, 1-5  Year: 1910.

10.   SGG: Ó Droighneáin, M. & Ó Murchú, M.A., An Sloinnteoir Gaeilge & an tAinmneoir, Baile Atha Cliath, 1991

11.   SI: MacLysaght, Edward, Surnames of Ireland, Dublin, 1985

12.   1898 “The men of no property, Irish Radicals and Popular Politics in the Late Eighteenth Century”, by Jim Smyth, 1992.

13.   Census Records. Most Irish records were destroyed in the Public Records Office fire in 1922. A portion of the 1821 Census for Meath survived the fire, this includes the baronies of Upper and Lower Navan. As yet these records have not yet been indexed. The 1841 and 1851 records were completely destroyed.

14.   Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Ireland, London, 1912, p. 705, "Tuite of Killeen and Cloone." Mac Carthy, B. Annals of Ulster. 4 vols. Dublin, 1887-1901, vol. 2 (1893), p. 371.O'Hart, John. Irish Pedigrees. Dublin, 1881, p. 492, "The Tuite Family." The Topographer and Genealogist, vol. 3 (1858), Pedigree of Apuldrefield.

  1.  La Chanson Dermot e le Conte: 'De huge de laci vus conterai, Cum il feffa ses baruns, Cheualers, serianz e garsunz. Chastelknoc tut premer donat, A huge tŷrel, kil tant amat; E chastel brec, solum lescrit, A barun willame le petit, Macherueran alter si, E la tere de rathkeuni; Le cantref pus de hadhnorkur, A meiler, qui ert de grant valur, Donad huge de laci, Al bon meiler le fiz herui; A gilbert de nangle en fin, Donat tut makerigalin; A iocelin donat le nouan, E la tere de ardbrechan: Li vn ert fiz, li alter pere, Solum le dit de la mere; A richard tuit ensement, Donad riche feffement'. This extract from Maurice Regan's La Chanson Dermot e le Conte or 'The Song of Diarmaid and the Earl', written circa 1225AD and the most famous literary introduction to the Norman invasion translates thus: 'Of Hugh de Lacy I shall tell you, How he enfeoffed his barons, Knights, sergeants and retainers Castleknock in the first place he gave To Hugh Tyrrell, whom he loved so much; And the Castle Brack, according to the writing, To baron William le Petit, Magheradernon likewise And the land of Rathkenny; The cantred of Ardnorcher then To Meiler, who was of great worth, Gave Hugh de Lacy- To the good Meiler Fitz Henry; To Gilbert de Nangle, moreover, He gave the whole of Morgallion; To jocelin he gave the Navan, And the land of Ardbraccan, (The one was son, the other father, according to the statement of the mother); To Richard Tuite likewise He gave a rich fief', The Song of Dermot and the Earl: An old French Poem about the coming of the Normans to Ireland (From the Carew Manuscript No 596 in the Archiepiscopal Library at Lambeth Palace), ed. & trans. Goddard Henry Orpen (Clarendon Press, 1892, reprinted 1994)]
  2. ^ John LodgePeerage of Ireland, Volume 3, 1789, pages 25-28
  3. ^ Otway-Ruthven, A.J History of Medieval Ireland Barnes and Noble reissue 1993 p. 258
  4. ^ Åse Kari H. Wagner, Les noms de lieux issus de l'implantation scandinave en Normandie : le cas des noms en -tuit, in Les fondations scandinaves en occident et les débuts du duché de Normandie, actes publiés sous la direction de Pierre Bauduin.

Glossary of Terms

1.       Baron: A feudal tenant holding his rights and title directly from the king or another feudal superior. A lord or nobleman; peer.

2.       Baronet: A British hereditary title of honour, ranking below a baron, held by commoners.

3.       Motte/Moat: An ancient fortress built upon a steep mound of earth from six to twelve meters in height. The top had a diameter of ten to thirty meters and was surrounded by a wooden fence with a wooden watchtower in the center. The archers could shoot attackers from this stockade. A trench was dug around the motte, which was sometimes filled with water. The open space beyond the trench was called the bailey, which was protected by a ditch and fence. In the bailey stood the horses of the lord and his men. Cattle and other stock could be brought in if there was danger of an attack. The motte and bailey, called a bretasche, was difficult for the Irish to capture but quickly built. They relied on surprise attacks and setting the wooden buildings on fire.




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